All contracting entities whose procurement is covered by the EEA utilities directive which are contracting authorities (e.g. those covered under Annex 1 and Annex 2) or public undertakings1 and which have as one of their activities any of those referred to below or any combination thereof:
a the provision or operation of fixed networks intended to provide a service to the public in connection with the production, transport or distribution of drinking water or the supply of drinking water to such networks;
b the provision or operation of fixed networks intended to provide a service to the public in connection with the production, transport or distribution of electricity or the supply of electricity to such networks;
c the provision of airport or other terminal facilities to carriers by air;
d the provision of maritime or inland port or other terminal facilities to carriers by sea or inland waterway;
e the provision or operation of networks2 providing a service to the public in the field of transport by urban railway, automated systems, tramway, trolley bus, bus or cable;
f the provision or operation of networks providing a service to the public in the field of transport by railways3 ;
g provision of postal services.
1 According to the EEA utilities directive, a public undertaking is any undertaking over which the contracting authorities may exercise directly or indirectly a dominant influence by virtue of their ownership of it, their financial participation therein, or the rules which govern it.
A dominant influence on the part of the contracting authorities shall be presumed when these authorities, directly or indirectly, in relation to an undertaking:
i. hold the majority of the undertaking's subscribed capital, or
ii. control the majority of the votes attaching to shares issued by the undertaking, or
iii. can appoint more than half of the undertaking's administrative, management or supervisory body.
2 As regards transport services, a network shall be considered to exist where the service is provided under operating conditions laid down by a competent authority, of an EEA member state, such as conditions on the routes to be served, the capacity to be made available or the frequency of the service.
3 E.g the provision or operation of networks (within the meaning of footnote 2) providing a service to the public in the field of transport by high-speed or conventional trains.