This Agreement does not cover procurement:
a by a procuring entity to an affiliated undertaking3; or
b by a joint venture formed exclusively by a number of procuring entities for the purpose of carrying out a relevant activity within the meaning of paragraphs (a) to (f) of this Annex, to an undertaking which is affiliated with one of these procuring entities,
provided that at least 80 per cent of the average turnover of the affiliated undertaking with respect to goods, services or construction services for the preceding three years derives respectively from the provision of such services or goods to undertakings with which it is affiliated.<br /><br />When, because of the date on which an affiliated undertaking was created or commenced activities, the turnover is not available for the preceding three years, it will be sufficient for that undertaking to show that the turnover referred to in this paragraph is credible, in particular by means of business projections.
3 "affiliated undertaking" means any undertaking the annual accounts of which are consolidated with those of the procuring entity in accordance with the requirements of Council Directive 83/349/EEC on consolidated accounts, or in case of entities not subject to that Directive, any undertaking over which the procuring entity may exercise, directly or indirectly, a dominant influence, or which may exercise a dominant influence over the procuring entity, or which, in common with the procuring entity, is subject to the dominant influence of another undertaking by virtue of ownership, financial participation, or the rules which govern it.